It is translated version of - 노사과연의 「홍콩 단상」 비판 by a web AI translator. Therefore there may be some unclear expression, even though we proofread after that. Any question should be welcomed.
Criticism of the “Short Thought on Hong Kong Protest” of Workers' Institute of Social Science
: Counter-revolutionary diagnosis on China
The Hong Kong situation began last March. In June, the maximum number of people gathered to reach its peak. Three months later, the Workers' Institute of Social Science, South Korea(WIIS) finally opened its mouth on Hong Kong issues. Sept. 26th, the official newspaper of ‘Situations and Labor’ No. 154, and the editor’s article, “Short Thought on Hong Kong”.
To sum up the “Short Thought on Hong Kong Protest” of WIIS, this is the case.
“China is already a capitalist society, even a highly developed state monopoly capitalist society.” But “Hong Kong protests are being used for the anti-China strategy of imperialism,” he said, “For one’s own benefit, constantly helping to promote anti-China movements in Hong Kong” and “some of the leadership and protesters clearly lead protests in this direction,” so Hong Kong protests are “clearly flowing in the wrong direction.” The reason the Hong Kong protests have run away is because “Hong Kong citizens have never experienced a revolution―they have lived only in a capitalist system ―and are afraid of China’s ‘socialism,’ which they consider to be socialism.” “The oppressive regime is bound to create cracks,” he said, “when combined with China’s labor movement, with the socialist movement, a new prospect will be opened for the people of Hong Kong.” So “the liberation of Hong Kong, not the Stars and Stripes, Union Jacks, will begin again with the vigorous red flag.”
A series of questions
It may be an result of deep and long thought, but the “Short Thought on Hong Kong Protest” of WIIS rather raises more questions.
First, as in “Short Thought on Hong Kong Protest”’s “thought,” not only is it capitalism, but even a “highly developed state monopoly capitalist society,” if it is, should it not see China as imperialism? Then, rather than taking sides with either side in the rivalry between the so-called “Chinese imperialism” and Western imperialism such as the U.S. and the U.K., should the working class insist on both sides’ defeat, as do the Workers’ Solidarity.
Second, nevertheless, if China is not imperialist, what society does “highly developed state monopoly capitalist society” mean?
Third, what is the persistent American-centered anti-China strategy? In other words, what is the nature of the U.S.-China conflict? Is the conflict different from the conflict before the so-called “reform and openness”?
Fourth, why is the red flag with five stars, a symbol of the 1949 revolution and “socialism,” in your view, are still flying in the Chinese sky, which is a “capitalist society, even a highly developed state monopoly capitalism society?” On the other hand, why should we make the flag of the reactionary system that has already moved on to a “highly developed state monopoly capitalist society,” “firmly flutter again” as a symbol of socialist liberation?
The ways Stalinism and Trotskyism defend the workers’ states
WIIS have been trumpeting Stalinism, and prided it as the only and best way to defend the fruit of workers’ revolution. That’s why WIIS has been at the forefront of opposition and slander against Trotsky’s politics, an antipode against Stalinism.
A clear expression of Trotsky’s real line, which is starkly different from “state capitalism” represented by Cliffism, is “defensive and expansion of October revolution.” The defense consists of two axes. Defending the Soviet Union against imperialist encroachment and capitalist counter-revolution is the first and the second is to overthrow the bureaucracy, standing on the top of workers state which abolished private ownership, which is personally gnawing its benefits, compromising imperialism, and ultimately promotes counter-revolution.
But Stalinism, which equates bureaucracy with state, argues that the overthrow of the Soviet bureaucracy is equivalent to the overthrow of the Soviet Union. That is why they have slandered Trotsky and his successors have either abandoned Soviet defenses or even claimed to be “imperialist agents” for the collapse of the Soviet Union.
A frivolous diagnosis of China
However, WIIS, which claim to be a “stern defender” of the existing revolution, are selling China, a workers state that has been transferred to the revolution at the expense of countless people, to the capitalist world.
The WIIS’s attitude is similar to that of a quack doctor who sentences a life-or-death patient to death for being close to death.
It defines China, the fate of 1.3 billion people depends on, capitalist state only based on “it’s thought” although which is that “the data alone is naturally insufficient to define clearly and requires a more rigorous analysis.”
When it comes to life and death, the doctor’s subjective thought doesn’t matter. In addition, a doctor who is allowed to put in a coffin on his own subjective thought, transcending the necessary strict analysis and clear regulation, must immediately remove his gown.
Double face of workers state and impressionism
WIIS judge the nature of society like a state capitalist.
The so-called “real socialist countries,” such as “Soviet, North Korea, China, Vietnam, Cuba and other” workers states that have emerged are the countries in a state of transition between capitalism and socialism. So the countries are socialist and not socialist simultaneously, and capitalist and not capitalist at the same time. As a unity of opposites, the countries have a distorted appearance in which both sides of the contradiction have failed to completely overpower the other. In particular, the contradictions of the countries deepened under the pressure of this world system, which is strongly dominated by imperialism.
State capitalists define the countries as capitalism by exaggerating only the capitalist part of its dual face. WIIS have defined the Soviet Union, the North and China before the market reform as impeccable “socialism.” But now, WIIS look at China in an impressionistic way, just like the state capitalists.
‘Marx-Leninist’ view on state and the “Short Thought on Hong Kong Protest”
WIIS explain the counter-revolution in which socialist China has become a capitalist society through the change of constitution. Since Deng Xiaoping’s “reform and opening up,” the Chinese constitution has steadily been revised to the 2007 passage of the Bill on the Rights of Private Property, which has led to the current capitalist society. This is a serious challenge to the ‘Marx-Leninist’ view.
As a faithful disciple of Marx and Engels, Lenin explained the question through a brilliant work of ‘The State and the Revolution.’ To summarize the skeleton is as follows.
“The nation is a product of irreconcilable class antagonism. It is an armed physical force to defend existing ownership styles and exploit and stifle the oppressed classes. The army, police, prisons and bureaucracies are the main components of the state. The revolution, or ‘violent social upheaval in which the opposing classes take over state power and establish their own ownership system,’ cannot be carried out in a way that improves the existing state. Existing state must be destroyed.”
“A peaceful and gentle” counterrevolution
But China’s capitalist revolution, or counter-revolution, as WIIS explains, is “long-term, slow and peaceful.”
It’s long-term and gradual. It takes place for nearly 30 years, from Deng Xiaoping’s reign to the passage of the law on property rights in 2007. In terms of the constitutional changes that WIIS explains, the two decades range from 1988 to 2007. In between, it has been closely filled with steady revisions, including ones in 1988, 1993, 1999, 2003, 2004 and 2006.
It is peaceful and gentle. There is no “leaps and storms” in the transformation of the Chinese social system as described by the “Short Thought on Hong Kong Protest”. However, it is “slow and gradual.” It is the same as the reformist view that if one builds up something “progressive” one by one, it will become socialism someday. The anti-revolution took place in China through a transformation from quantity to quality in the same way as the process of gradual losing of hairs and becoming bald.
According to WIIS, “The great debate between the opposition and the pro-opposition…Thousands of debates...The 3,700 petitions and so on” constituted the cataclysm. Even in the eyes of WIIS, there has been no physical clash between the hostile classes or destruction of the state, or “destruction of the bureaucracy, the military and the police.” Despite the counter-revolution of the capitalist class taking power, it still takes power under the monstrous name of the Communist Party. The army is still the People’s Liberation Army (established and named as the Communist Party’s army). The red flag with five stars, a symbol of the 1949 revolution, still flutters throughout China.
By any chance, is the revolution of the capitalist class so long-term, gentle and peaceful compared to the revolution of the working class? Is it that the working class is such a stupid class that they don’t get angry, they don’t say they’re hurt, they just fly the same flag and stay as peaceful as they were yesterday, even when they lost all of their precious?
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The question of the so-called ‘real socialist countries,’ or ‘degenerated/deformed states’ is a question of revolution. Almost all the world situations and ‘state and revolution’ in this era are connected to and converge here. We have struggled to recognize this question correctly. We do not intend to confine revolutionary issues to narrow-minded organizational selfishness. We hope that all fighters, including those from WIIS, will open their hearts to discuss the issue, as well as the working class and the future of mankind.